Treadmill fitness works primarily on the cardiovascular system.
It can also have benefits for other types of fitness although
not as effectively. Power and speed, two aspects of fitness
generally associated with anaerobic training ( i.e. without
oxygen, such as sprinting or exercises involving maximal effort
), can be improved as the speed of the treadmill can be increased
to introduce an anaerobic aspect to a training type that is
generally considered aerobic.
Treadmill fitness training can be used as a means to improve
overall fitness, progression of a VO2 Max (the maximal measure
of aerobic fitness), or simply for fat loss. The suitability
and versatility of treadmill fitness training comes from being
able to set the treadmill to different intensities, e.g. working
at 60-80% of your VO2 maximum is the optimum level for fat
loss as an individual is training aerobically at a sustainable
compared to road running or training indoors on a hard surface,
treadmills fitness training has specific health benefits. The running
surface of a treadmill is sprung. Along with helping to prevent
the jarring of joints, a sprung running surface will especially
benefit ankle, knee and hip joints, as it will cushion the impact
of each stride. The reduction of impact on joints will help prevent
onset of arthritis and like conditions.
Treadmill fitness training will also present certain environmental
benefits. Assuming that the treadmill is indoors, there are little
effects from the surrounding environment, especially in an air conditioned
gym, there is no rain or snow that a runner has to contend with.
The running surface on treadmills is also generally better than
any normal surface a runner will meet either roads or on an indoor
artificial surface, reducing chances of slipping and any opportunities
for injuries that are associated. Treadmills fitness training and
exercise equipment make life healthier and safer.