Effects of smoking are numerous. We have listed below a cross section
of illnesses and disease caused by smoking, but the main message
is that effects of smoking can be found throughout the body.
Effects of Smoking on the Mouth and Throat.
Smoking causes unattractive problems like bad breath and stained
teeth. It can also cause gum disease and damage to your sense of
The most serious damage smoking causes in this area is an increased
risk of cancer in your lips, tongue, throat, voice box and oesophagus
Effects of Smoking on the Lungs
One of the most well known effects of smoking is that your lungs
can be very badly affected by smoking. Coughs, colds, wheezing and
asthema are all made worse by smoking.
Smoking effects include fatal diseases such as pneumonia, emphysema,
pleurisy and lung cancer. 83% of all deaths from lung cancer, bronchitis
and emphysema are related to smoking.
Effects of Smoking on the Heart
The heart risks that smoking causes to your heart are very dangerous.
Because your veins and arteries become blocked and narrow, you are
at a greatly increased risk of heart attacks, strokes and aneurysms.
Aneurysms are blockages which can burst or completely block up.
This often leads to amputation or death.
Smokers are more than twice as likely as non-smokers to die from
Effects of Smoking on the Circulation
A of the major effects of smoking is that veins and arteries get
narrower, harder and coated with fatty deposits. This can lead to
problems such as:
- Low fitness, cold skin, hands and feet, and ulcers.
- Gangrene which leads to about 2000 amputations each year in
- Cramps, pains and blockages in your veins which can cause strokes
and heart attacks.
Effects of Smoking on the Skin
Smoking reduces the amount of oxygen to the skin. This means that
the skin ages more quickly and looks grey and dull. The toxins in
your body also produce cellulite.
Effects of Smoking on the Bones
Smoking can cause bones to get weak and brittle. Women need to
be especially careful because you are 5 to 10% more likely to suffer
from osteoporosis than non-smokers.
Effects of Smoking on the Stomach
The damage to your stomach area can affect your vital organs. You
have increased chances of getting stomach cancer or ulcers. You
are also at risk of developing cancers in your kidney, pancreas
Effects of Smoking on the Reproduction and Fertility
The effects of smoking on reproduction and fertility are serious.
Smoking can increase the risk of impotence. It can also damage sperm,
reduce sperm count and cause testicular cancer.
For women, effects of smoking can make you less fertile and increase
your risk of having a miscarriage, a low birth weight baby or cot
death. Smoking also increases your risk on cervical cancer.